Author: Jennifer Maher

Jennifer Maher is an associate professor at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County where she teaches in the English Department's Communication & Technology track, as well as in the interdisciplinary Language, Literacy, and Culture Ph.D. Program. Her research interests include rhetoric, software studies, technical communication, and Baltimore.

Two Directions in AI In the inaugural issue of AI & Society, published in 1987, Ajit Narayanan identified two directions that propelled the discipline of artificial intelligence. The first was “Implement and be damned” whereby programs are produced to replicate tasks performed by humans with relevant expertise (p. 60). Motivated by efficiency, these programs might only tangentially be identified as AI, Narayanan noted, because, rather than adhering to certain computing principles, they might simply be written in a particular programming language associated with AI. (See, for example, Lisp.) The second direction was “We’re working on it,” which he associated with…

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